Algorithmic business is an area on the up and coming. However when you look at algorithms that are of any use you will see that most vendors always concentrate at a handful plus some algorithms from game theory.
So if you want to explore the area of business algorithm architecture I recommend that you read ‘Mathematical Problems in Engineering’ as it contain a great deal of really interesting algorithms that you can use in business. If you are more adventurous search for ‘A rule based model for bankruptcy prediction based on an improved genetic ant colony algorithm’ The article was published in 2013 by Zhanf, Wang and Li in ‘Mathematical Problems in Engineering’. The beauty of the article that is freely accessible is that you can see that most of the work requires a lot of additional work, but it also shows interesting ways to use math for business architecture.